FOUNDATION FOR INTELLIGENT PHYSICAL AGENTS

 

 

FIPA CFP Communicative Act Specification

 

Document title

FIPA CFP Communicative Act Specification

Document number

DC00042A

Document source

FIPA TC C

Document status

Deprecated

Date of this status

2000/10/16

Supersedes

None

Contact

fab@fipa.org

Change history

2000/10/16

Deprecated by FIPA00037

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2000 Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents - http://www.fipa.org/

Geneva, Switzerland

Notice

Use of the technologies described in this specification may infringe patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of FIPA Members and non-members. Nothing in this specification should be construed as granting permission to use any of the technologies described. Anyone planning to make use of technology covered by the intellectual property rights of others should first obtain permission from the holder(s) of the rights. FIPA strongly encourages anyone implementing any part of this specification to determine first whether part(s) sought to be implemented are covered by the intellectual property of others, and, if so, to obtain appropriate licenses or other permission from the holder(s) of such intellectual property prior to implementation. This specification is subject to change without notice. Neither FIPA nor any of its Members accept any responsibility whatsoever for damages or liability, direct or consequential, which may result from the use of this specification.

Foreword

The Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents (FIPA) is an international organization that is dedicated to promoting the industry of intelligent agents by openly developing specifications supporting interoperability among agents and agent-based applications. This occurs through open collaboration among its member organizations, which are companies and universities that are active in the field of agents. FIPA makes the results of its activities available to all interested parties and intends to contribute its results to the appropriate formal standards bodies.

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The FIPA specifications are developed through direct involvement of the FIPA membership. The status of a specification can be either Preliminary, Experimental, Standard, Deprecated or Obsolete. More detail about the process of specification may be found in the FIPA Procedures for Technical Work. A complete overview of the FIPA specifications and their current status may be found in the FIPA List of Specifications. A list of terms and abbreviations used in the FIPA specifications may be found in the FIPA Glossary.

FIPA is a non-profit association registered in Geneva, Switzerland. As of January 2000, the 56 members of FIPA represented 17 countries worldwide. Further information about FIPA as an organization, membership information, FIPA specifications and upcoming meetings may be found at http://www.fipa.org/.

Contents

1 Scope. 1

2 Call for Proposal 2

3 References. 3


1         Scope

This document specifies the Call for Proposal (CFP) communicative act which is compliant to [FIPA00037] requirements.

 

 


2         Call for Proposal

Summary

The action of calling for proposals to perform a given action.

Content

A tuple containing an action expression denoting the action to be done and a proposition denoting the preconditions on the action.

Description

CFP is a general-purpose action to initiate a negotiation process by making a call for proposals to perform the given action. The actual protocol under which the negotiation process is established is known either by prior agreement, or is explicitly stated in the :protocol parameter of the message.

 

In normal usage, the agent responding to a cfp should answer with a proposition giving its conditions on the performance of the action. The responder's conditions should be compatible with the conditions originally contained in the cfp. For example, the cfp might seek proposals for a journey from Frankfurt to Munich, with a condition that the mode of travel is by train. A compatible proposal in reply would be for the 10.45 express train. An incompatible proposal would be to travel by airplane.

 

Note that cfp can also be used to simply check the availability of an agent to perform some action.

Formal Model

<i, cfp( j, <j, act>, f(x) )>
<i, query-ref(j,
ix (Ii Done(<j, act>, f(x))
(I
j Done(<j, act>, f(x))))>
FP:
Brefi(ix a(x)) Urefi(ix a(x))
Bi Ij Done(<j, Inform-ref(i, ix a(x))>)
RE: Done(<j, Inform(i,
ix a(x) = r1)>| |<j,
Inform(i,
ix a(x) = rk)>)

 

Where:

 

a(x) = Ii Done(<j, act>, f(x)) Ij Done(<j, act>, f(x))

 

Agent i asks agent j: "What is the 'x' such that you will perform action 'act' when 'f (x)' holds?"

Example

Agent j asks i to submit its proposal to sell 50 boxes of plums: 

(cfp
:sender j

:receiver i

:content

((action i

(sell plum 50))

true)

:ontology fruit-market)


3         References

[FIPA00037] FIPA Communicative Act Library Specification. Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents, 2000. http://www.fipa.org/specs/fipa00037/